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Egypt Key Judgements

Egypt is a global centre for the trafficking of human beings for the purpose of organ removal (THBOR), especially kidneys. Over 1,000 kidney transplants are conducted in Egypt every year, the majority of which are likely based on commercial transactions. Criminal networks recruit victim donors from vulnerable communities in Egypt, including irregular migrant and refugee communities, using online platforms and local recruiters. The organ trade is also often connected to OCGs involved in smuggling, sex trafficking, and kidnapping for ransom. Thank you to Seán Columb for his research and insights, which helped inform this assessment. 

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